Land management and drought mitigation: Science-policy brief
Drought is one of the major drivers of global food and water insecurity, affecting agricultural production and access to food and water. Drought can, in extreme cases, force people to abandon their land, resorting to migration as their last livelihood strategy, making the prospect of ending hunger and malnutrition by 2030 more difficult. Land management practices offer opportunities for mitigating the effects of drought and, more generally, refocusing actions on “proactive drought risk management”. It also increases the resilience of people and ecosystems to drought. An improved understanding of the relationship between land management and drought mitigation is urgently needed in order to improve the targeting and monitoring of interventions and policies.There are strong links between the drought-land nexus and human decisions on land use and land use change, which impact water availability and determine ecosystem and human resilience to drought. Much more than just water inputs affect water security/scarcity. Other factors such as human actions/planning, drought, and climate change also play a critical role in this process.